Latest Posts on Reconciliation Resources

Soul Wounds of the Anishinabek People
A very powerful and detailed description of the psychological and intergenerational impacts of residential schools. Strongly recommend.

Principles Respecting the Government of Canada’s Relationship with Indigenous Peoples
The Government of Canada is committed to achieving reconciliation with Indigenous peoples through a renewed, nation-to-nation, government-to-government, and Inuit-Crown relationship based on recognition of rights, respect, co-operation, and partnership as the foundation for transformative change.

The Canadian Reconciliation Landscape
In 2016, Reconciliation Canada commissioned a national public opinion survey to measure the perspectives of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Canadians on key aspects of reconciliation, identifying areas of alignment and divergence with respect to five major themes.

The Pass System: Segregation in Canada
After the Northwest Resistance of 1885, three Canadian officials put forward a proposal for a system of racial segregation – whites from First Nations – to their Prime Minister, Sir John A. Macdonald, who enthusiastically approves, declaring: “…it is in the highest degree desirable to adopt it.” From then on, and for over 60 years, permits to leave reserve would only be issued at the pleasure of an Indian Agent. From day one, the Canadian government knew this segregationist pass system had no legal basis. 

The system kept First Nations parents from their children in residential schools, from visiting relatives, from access to towns and cities, and from enjoying the basic freedom of mobility that every settler Canadian took for granted. 

The Pass System, a 60 minute film by Alex Williams,  is a result of a five year investigation involving extensive, pan-Canadian archival research and elders’ oral history testimony, revealing a system that appears to be much more widespread than previously thought. Cree, Saulteaux, Dene, Ojibwe and Blackfoot Elders from Treaty areas 4, 6 & 7 (Saskatchewan & Alberta), tell stories of living under and resisting the system. Leading historians and scholars such as Winona WheelerSarah CarterJ.R. MillerBrian TitleyShauneen Pete, and the film’s Historical Consultant John S. Milloy, provide key context essential to understanding the system’s many impacts that reverberate to this day. 

Below is the link to watch the film. Also, note that we have a Theme entitled The Pass System based on the film. Everything Indigenous – Season 1 – The Pass System

Canadian Public Opinion on Aboriginal Peoples
A June 2016 report of a national survey of non-Aboriginals in Canada and their attitudes toward Aboriginal peoples, a survey conducted by Environics Institute. See our Gathering them with excerpts from this report.

A Catholic Response to Call to Action 48 of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission
A document stating that the Catholic Church in Canada strongly supports the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as in Call for in Action # 48.

Chief Joseph on Reconciliation
In this 10 minute video, a nationally known Elder living on the West Coast, Chief Dr. Robert Joseph, a survivor of Residential Schools, calls for reconciliation.

Churches’ Response to Call to Action 48
A list of 14 churches and faith groups who have responded in different ways to Call to Action #48.

Crisis Intervention Supports
An extensive list of organizations in Winnipeg that can help individuals in crisis and need of supports. The list is useful for facilitators and participants or anyone in society in crisis.

Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada
Statement of the urgent and long-term commitment of the ELCIC on encouraging right relationships with Indigenous Peoples.

Generation of Change…
Short video of personal story of Clayton Sandy, whose parents and six of his older siblings attended residential schools. Clayton has been a key partner in the Circles for Reconciliation since its beginnings.

Gord Downie: The Secret Path
A one hour CBC production on the Secret Path followed by a second hour panel discussion by three Indigenous leaders.

He Can Fancy Dance
A five minute video highlighting a song by Cindy Paul describing the tragedy of lost identity rediscovered.

The Pass System
A two minute trailer introducing an important movie by Alex Williams telling the story of the Pass System when for over 60 years First Nations individuals needed a pass from the Indian agent to leave the reserve to go hunting, fishing, selling produce or even to visit their children in residential schools. The requirement, though supported by John A. MacDonald never went through parliament. See our Theme on the Pass System.

Reconciliation: The Role of Education
An article by Senator Murray Sinclair, recent Chair of the TRC, on the mandate of the TRC and the role of education in the process of reconciliation.

Reserve 107 –The Film
A 32 minute film on how the spirit and intent of Treaties is being lived out on Reserve 107 in Saskatchewan.

Rewrite: The Protests at Standing Rock
A four minute video with the accompanying hard copy of Lawrence O’Donnell’s statement on MSNBC regarding the protests at Standing Rock in 2016.

The Seventh Fire
From the Anglican Church of Canada, [1995], this 28-minute documentary explores a First Nations prophecy that the time of the Seventh Fire will be when the reborn First Nations will offer spiritual recovery to North Americans of European ancestry.

The Healing Forest: Land, Learn, Heal. A plan to create a Healing Forest in St. John’s Park as a “living memorial for Indigenous children lost to the residential school system.”  This is part of a national project. For information contact

The TRC Reading Challenge
A simple challenge to read the TRC Final Report. Thousands have taken the challenge.

United Way Eagle’s Eye View
An environmental scan of the Aboriginal community in Winnipeg, (2nd ed. 2010).